Tuesday. April 21st. Noon. Cloquet Library. Munger and Grover. Two Denfeld kids talking writing and The Dance Boots. One Book, One Community. Free and open to the public with signed copies of the book available for purchase. Still on the fence? Read my review of the book at:…. You won’t find a better way to spend an hour of your time.



Vacationland by Sarah Stonich (2013. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816687664)

Cautionary note: I consider the author, Ms. Stonich, to be a literary friend. Not a close personal friend, someone who has been to my house for dinner, but someone I’ve spent time with at Ely’s Blueberry Festival in my EZ-Up selling books to Minneapolitans. Anyway, that caveat aside, here’s the scoop on Sarah’s latest.

Vacationland is a contemporary novel of life in the northwoods (Ely or Tower, MN cleverly disguised as someplace not Ely or Tower) that reads more like a collection of linked short stories than linear reportage. I picked the book up about a year ago and it has been sitting, awaiting discovery, on my reading stack ever since I purchased it at the Bookstore at Fitger’s in Duluth. Last week, while on vacation in Orlando, I finally had time to read the book cover to cover. I am happy I did.

At the center of the inter-related lives revealed in the book is Meg, the grandchild of an immigrant, who inhabits what once was a family style resort, Naledi Lodge, the place her grandfather raised her during summers when Meg wasn’t in boarding school or away perfecting her art. Don’t let the first chapter throw you off: this isn’t a Kent Krueger murder mystery wanna-be. It’s a character driven piece of fine fiction that, despite some flaws (I wasn’t too keen on the ending; it seemed a bit of a stretch and not in keeping with the pulse of the book), has the feel of warm flannel and a roaring fire on a cold October night spent considering impending winter. There were a couple of times I had to go back and re-read a passage to understand which cottage or camp or cabin or character was being depicted to ensure I understood the flow of the tale, which, as I pointed out above, is distinctly non-linear in execution and connected by thinly woven strands of friendship, vacation visits, and family ties. But, in the end, it is the writing (Stonich is nothing if not an accomplished craftswoman) that overcomes any minor flaws one encounters in completing this wonderfully told tale:

Much of  the resort is pocked with neglect: a sack of mortar left leaning near a wall has hardened to its own shape, with tatters of sack flapping; a tipped wheelbarrow has a maple sapling sprung through its rusted hole. Flat stones from a run of stairs have eroded to a jumble below, and high on the plateau old cabins lean like a trio of gossips, their eaves and sills lushly bumpered with moss.

If you want more out of your reading choice than cardboard characters driven by plot, if you want to understand the pull of the northland and the people that call this part of the world home, Stonich’s latest effort is a good place to begin your journey.

4 and 1/2 stars out of 5.



The Tattoo by Chris McKinney (2007. Soho Press (Kindle Version). ISBN 978156947450)

Last year, while vacationing in Hawai’i, I picked up one of Chris McKinney’s more recent crime fiction novels, Queen of Tears, on Kauai where we were staying. I enjoyed the read so much, I went on Amazon while still on the island and purchased the Kindle version of The Tattoo. Other books got in the way and this year, while vacationing in Florida, I was in need of something to read and remembered the book on my Kindle. My re-discovery of the lost manuscript on my eReader was indeed fortuitous.

An “as told to” story set in prison in Hawai’i, this novel chronicles the life of a small-time Japanese American gangster, Kenji, who is in prison for manslaughter. We suspect, but do not confirm until the end of the tale, who the victim of Ken’s outrage and anger might have been. In telling his life of crime, passion, drugs, familial disruption, and the Code of the Samurai, Ken speaks during tattooing sessions with Cal, a mainland haloe (white person) of his loves and losses, which, in essence, is the narrative of the book. Cal is mute from his own traumas (physical and emotional) but we learn a bit about him as well as Kenji’s life story unfolds. This is a simply told piece of genre fiction that McKinney manages to make it into a page turner. It’s a tale that would do well on the big screen. There’s romance, sex, action, and conflict (internal and external) enough for two books in The Tattoo. I’d highly recommend this book for anyone who wants to learn a bit more about race relations and crime on Hawai’i. You might, as I did, guess the identity of Kenji’s wrath part-way through the tale. But that doesn’t, in anyway, deter from a fine, fine ride through the Hawai’ian countryside.

4 stars out of 5.







Historical linguist Roman Kushnir of Vaasa, Finland is the latest reviewer to give my new historical novel, Sukulaiset: The Kindred, a big “thumbs up”. Here’s a portion of his kind review:

“In beautiful winter Finnish forests and on the centuries-old streets of Estonian towns the magnificent story of love and rivalry, war and peace, separation and reunion unfolds. The characters are often based on real people, and that is why a reader follows their lives with a heart trembling and with full immersion into their dramas and tragedies. This rich, detailed and easy-to-read historical fiction is a perfect book both for those who are interested in the history of Finland, Estonia, and the Finnish-American migrant diaspora from the 1930s to the 1940s, and for those who are curious to learn something about this history. Although Mark Munger is neither a Finn nor Estonian himself, he writes about Finland and Estonia with both skill, knowledge and understanding. The novel is not only a story of the Finnish and Estonian characters’ battles and hardships, but also of their feelings, strengths and weaknesses which they discover and rediscover during the hard times. An inspiring book…  “ Roman Kushnir, Migration Turku, FI. (1/2015).

Read the entire review on p. 57 of the journal, Migration at and then buy the book!







Fish Lake.

Fish Lake.

As I write this, I realize its already passe’. The cold depicted in the photograph above, chronicling a wintery scene on nearby Fish Lake, has been replaced by piles of thawing dog crap, pools of snow melt, brown grass, and puddles of water atop lake ice all caused by unseasonably warm March temperatures. But two weekends back, such was not the case in my neighborhood of the world. Two weekends back, winter was still in control. Two weekends back, an old man with a bad back, a sore tooth, and inappropriate camping gear slept out in below zero weather.

Understand, I didn’t take on the proffered assignment due to idle curiosity or some great urgency to replicate my only other winter camping excursion, two nights in a tent with Boy Scout Troop 67 (Piedmont Heights) back when I was fourteen years old. Two weekends ago, I plodded across the snow-covered, wind swept ice of Fish Lake because I am an Assistant Scoutmaster in Troop 106 (Hermantown) and the Scouts were headed for an overnight. In my role with the Scouts, I’m also the merit badge counselor for the citizenship badges (Community, Nation, World) so I understand the difference between a duty (something a person feels morally compelled to do, such as vote) versus an obligation (something a person is required by law or contract to do, such as pay one’s taxes). I had no obligation to sleep out in a tent at sixty years old with a group of Boy Scouts but, as one of their adult leaders, I certainly felt a duty to accompany them. And so I did.

Scouts ascending.

Scouts ascending.

The slog across the frozen lake was taxing. It was above zero, a beautiful winter day with clear skies and ample sun, but the notion that one can tote his or her belongings across ice in a plastic sled without spilling gear and packs and tents along the way, was, in retrospect, overly optimistic. Our small group (six Scouts and three adult leaders) arrived at the Beldens’ home on the shores of Fish Lake a bit after 8:30am on Saturday. Jim Belden, our former Scoutmaster and wilderness guide extraordinaire, had ventured out to the island that would be our overnight home and set up his wall tent, complete with wood stove, just in case the night became unbearable or a Scout ended up too chilled to sleep in an unheated tent. IMG_2050Before we began our one and a half mile journey over the ice, I handed out four walking sticks carved and decorated by my pal (and former Scout) Mike Town to the four Scouts who were present. Two more Scouts would join us during the day, bringing the total contingent of boys who slept out to six. The three adult leaders would be joined by three additional mentors, making the total on the ice six kids and six adults, the sort of supervision that would guarantee a minimum of shenanigans.

I led the boys and adult leaders across the frozen lake. After my Duluth pack repeatedly fell out of the plastic slider I was pulling behind me, the snow thin and not really suited for snowshoes but just crusty and thick enough to make walking tedious, I stopped, pulled my arms through the pack’s straps, hoisted the rucksack on my back, and, with the aid of my own wooden walking stick (one I had carved to steady my gait while trout fishing the North Shore streams I love), I soldiered on, my eyes riveted on the island that was to be our home for a bit more than twenty-four hours. After mucking around the base of a steep rise, I found the wall tent Jim had set up and began ferrying tents and equipment up the hill. In a short period of time the Scouts and the adult leaders had their tents set up, their sleeping pads and bags unrolled, and the camp set up for the night. While others sorted food, I found dead aspen and balsam limbs to build a fire in a metal fire ring we brought with. Across the ice, the roar of snowmobiles could be heard. Dale Scheer and his son Luke arrived, pulling an ice fishing house, a propane auger, and fishing gear. Holes were made in the thick ice. The ice shelter was set up. Scouts took turns dueling each other with their newly acquired walking sticks, fishing, and watching the antics of a singular wayward critter that came to the kids’ attention.

“We found a baby beaver,” one of the boys said as lunch was being prepared.


“Down by the lake.”

I scurried down the slippery path to a gaggle of boys reclined on their stomachs in the snow. The Scouts were attentively peering into brush along the base of the hillside.

“Where’s the beaver?”

“Right there,” Luke said, lifting a balsam branch to reveal the shiny coat of a small creature furiously digging frozen dirt in an attempt to escape the cold.

“That’s not a beaver,” I said quietly, watching the animal’s desperate bid for survival. “It’s a muskrat.”



The boys left the animal to its panicked work. I decided to walk around the island, a task I was warned might take some time. I knew that there was a Minnesota Power campsite on the far western tip of our island home. The campsite we were using was not officially a MP campsite though, from the paint marks on the trees around our tents, it appeared a campsite was being planned for where we were bivouacked. After a Scout-cooked meal of chicken noodle soup and grilled cheese (I downed three!), I cleaned my mess kit, donned my gloves, picked up my walking stick, and headed out on the ice to circumnavigate our island.


To say the sky was blue is an understatement. At one point, so enthralled with the brilliance of the sunlight on the snow and the openness of the heavens, I laid down on my back and snapped a picture of the azure vault with my iPhone. An hour later, after checking out the campsite on the far end of the island (and finding idiots had stripped many of the birch trees of bark as tinder for campfires, denuding the trees and leaving ugly scars), I tromped my way through thigh high bullrushes and crusted snow to arrive back in camp a sweaty, yet satisfied man.

Cooking dinner.

Cooking dinner.

Jim and Julie Belden arrived later in the afternoon. Once night descended, Dale and the boys worked to create a wondrous treat: fried walleye caught, not in the two feet of water below Dale’s ice house on Fish Lake, but a few weeks’ earlier on Red Lake. By 9:00pm, I was done in and left the campfire and the din of teenagers for the comfort of my tent. I’d earlier rolled out a tarp, a foam sleeping pad, and two mummy bags. I felt I was ready for what was surely going to be a below zero night on the lake but I’d failed as an Eagle Scout in one respect: I hadn’t followed the scouting motto, “Be Prepared”. I hadn’t carefully inspected the bag I’d borrowed from my son, Jack. When I stripped down, intent on scrunching my mummy bag inside Jack’s mummy bag, I learned that the zipper on Jack’s bag was broken.

No biggie, I thought, I’ll just snug into my bag and pull Jack’s around me.

That approach worked for about two hours, until the cold ground forced my sixty-year-old bladder to empty. I got up, padded outside the tent in my boot liners, did my business, and then returned, intent upon closing my bag against the chill. I pulled hard on the zipper and felt the device give way. The metal tab of my mummy bag’s zipper launched across the interior of my tent, not to be seen until morning.


Indeed. Without a working zipper for either bag, I was forced to toss and turn all night, battling my chilled urinary tract and the cold that sneaked into my bag.

Next time, I’ll check the bags.

Sleep came in fits and starts. I considered how serious a mistake my failure to “Be Prepared” could have been had we been winter camping in the BWCA. I had the luxury of knowing, first, that I was only going to suffer one night of restless sleep, and second, that, if things got really bad, I could sleep in the heated wall tent a few dozen feet away. I pondered the fact that, while I was spending one tortured night below zero on the ground, one of our Eagle Scouts, Rudy Hummel, had made national news by sleeping out of doors for an entire year. Yes, that’s right: 365 nights either in a tent, under the stars, or in a snow hut, where Rudy braved over seventy below-zero nights. Our troop has recognized Rudy’s feat in a number of ways, including instituting the “Zero Hero” patch, an award given to any Scout or adult leader who manages to survive a below-zero night sleeping outside.

At least I’ll get the patch.

Morning came. I pulled on clean undies, wool socks, insulated Carhartts, and began packing away gear. When other adults in the group, including Jim (who slept sans tent, somewhere out on the ice) asked “How did you sleep?” I didn’t fess up.

“Fine,” I lied, breaking one of the twelve points of the Scout Law. IMG_2052

The other leaders checked their smart phones, intent on determining whether or not the boys and the leaders who had not earned the Zero Hero patch were now entitled to the honor.

“One below,” Jim noted. “Zero Heroes for all.”

Well at least that’s something…

We cleaned up the campsite, loaded gear onto Jim’s ATV and onto sleds pulled by the two snowmobiles, and set off across windswept ice. As I trudged towards my car and a likely afternoon nap, I propped up my aching, tired old body with my walking stick and marveled at the fact that winter seemed so set, so ready to continue on. But that is not what happened: Again, I’d miscalculated.IMG_2046





Marrow, Muscle, Flight by Gary Boelhower (2011. Wildwood River Press. ISBN 9780984377749)

Disclosure: I have written poetry, mostly as an adjunct to courting my wife 37-plus years ago, but I am not a poet and know little, if anything, about the niceties of constructing verse or prose poems. As a novelist, book reviewer, and essayist, I tend to read fiction and disregard poetry. But lately, I’ve been intrigued by the patterns and lyrical quality of poems and so, I’ve been reading a few slim volumes of verse acquired from local writers. Marrow, Muscle, Flight is one of those collections. I bought the book at a recent arts and crafts fair held at Peace Church in Duluth where the book’s author and I were selling our wares. It took a while for me to retrieve the book from my reading stack but I’m glad that I did.

Boelhower is a tremendously gifted storyteller. His poems run the gamut from detailing his youth and family, to personal relationships, to his son’s military service. The author is at his best when he doesn’t hold his punches, as in this terrific bit of writing:

Neither the father nor the son asks

the question that burns behind their eyes.

What do you do after you fight a war,

pull the trigger, see the blood run, feel

bits of shrapnel bite into your face a fraction

from your eyes, tighten a tourniquet around

your dying friend’s stumps of legs?

(“Asking the Question” (c) Gary Boelhower)

I’ll be candid. It’s not easy for a heterosexual male (me) to dive into love poems reflecting homosexual love ( there are some in this collection). I’m pretty outspoken about my support for gay marriage and equality regardless of orientation, but, like straight women who feel uncomfortable with cinematic depictions of lesbian coupling, I have to admit I began reading the poet’s revelations of physical love between two men with some trepidation. But part-way through this collection, it hit me: Love is love. Gender, in the expression of the emotion, doesn’t matter. Content and heart do. Boelhower captures these truths with a keen eye and pen:

did you know then

how the river would carry us

how the light would fall

on the pink peonies in the garden

how we would drink wine on the deck

and watch their satin gowns

tremor in the breeze

(“Did You Know” (c) Gary Boelhower)

Now, I’m not sure that the above passage directly reflects the poet’s orientation. I have no idea if the poem depicts a same-sex or opposite-sex scene from the author’s life. But that’s just the point: Boelhower crafts his words into universally fine pieces of art that stand up to scrutiny as works of poetry, not political commentary. Even old fiction writers like me need to learn a lesson or two about the lives led by our friends, family, and neighbors who have a different outlook, a different experience, than our own.  This fine collection is a gentle and consistently astute teacher in this regard, using subtle situational narratives to invoke universal emotions and reactions from a reader’s basic humanity.

4 and 1/2 stars out of 5.



The Nightingale by Kristin Hannah (2015. St. Martin’s Press/MacMillan Audio. ISBN 9781427212672)

I am deadly serious. By the time I was on the final disc of this terrific audio novel, I was crying so hard, I had a difficult time keeping my blue Pacifica on I94 coming back from a ski trip to Montana. This is a deeply loving, touching, tragic, and heroic story that, well, is just too damn emotional to listen to while trying to drive.

Stripped to the barest of plot essence, this novel is the story of two sisters, the staid, married, stable Vianne (Vee-en) and her younger, impetuous, beautiful sibling, Isabelle (Iso-bell) during the Nazi invasion of France during WW II. Both girls have grown to womanhood without the loving touch of their mother. Their father, Julian, slipped into a coma of alcohol and despondency after the death of their mother, and, in hopes of curbing Isabelle’s emotional instability, sent her off to a series of convents, boarding schools, and finishing schools, all of which she ran from in search of freedom and her own path. By the dawn of the story arc, Isabelle has run again: this time, to join the French Resistance (the partisans) in Paris, where she falls in love with Gaton, a lanky, brooding, older compatriot who takes her under his protection and teaches her the rules of insurgency. Vianne’s husband leaves for the war, is captured when France falls swiftly to the Nazi onslaught, while Vianne remains behind on her father’s farm, raising her daughter. The title of the story comes from the code name the Germans give to Isabelle’s clandestine efforts, through a partisan network she forms, to save downed Allied airmen: Brits, and Yanks, and Canadians, who she escorts time and again across the Pyrenees Mountains into Spain and to freedom. Vianne is left to contend with the subtle danger of having German officers billet in her home. First, a well-mannered Wehrmacht (German Army) officer moves in and serves as her protector against the mounting brutality of the occupation. The army officer is replaced by an SS officer who, in stereotypical cruelty, degrades, abuses, and dismisses Vianne all the while denying that the Allies are making headway towards the liberation of France. With each concealed Allied triumph, Vianne faces greater and greater demands upon her mind and body from the SS officer, demands that make her question whether she or her younger sister has made the wiser choice in dealing with the Nazi occupation. But Vianne too has a secret, a secret that, while not as complex or involved as the work Isabelle is engaged in, places Vianne and her daughter in the gravest of danger as well.

I’ve never read anything by Ms. Hannah but as a reader who loves lush, character driven, historical fiction, I was sincerely impressed with not only the details of the dual lives Ms Hannah created in telling this dynamic tale of familial love, but also the depths of character and plot that she wove together in a seamless cloth of believability. There is nothing that rings false in this novel. No dissonant chords are struck over the 17 hours of audio (unabridged) that make up this fine, fine piece of work.

What is also striking is that, having not compared notes with Ms. Hannah before writing my own story of war and the Holocaust, Sukulaiset: The Kindred,  there are many, many parallels between the two novels: Sisters seeking reunion against a backdrop of conflict; traumatic assaults on fleeing civilians by enemy aircraft; depictions of inexplicable cruelty by conquering forces; and the like. Both novels have scenes drawn from the horrific confusion and abuse heaped upon the civilians of Europe during WW II. And yet, the books are, in the end, different stories told in different styles, each worthy of a read in their own way.

This is one of my favorite novels of the past decade. I can’t express enough my support of the concisely drawn plot, the historically accurate detail, and the wonderfully complex characters that the author has gifted us with. A stellar read.

5 stars out of 5.




The Gold Shop of Ba-‘Ali by Yahya Frederickson (2014. Lost Horse Press. 9780991146529)

A chance meeting with the author of this volume of English language poems set in Yemen led me to buy a signed copy of The Gold Shop. Dr. Frederickson and I were situated next to each other at a local authors gathering at the Duluth Public Library. We didn’t exchange books; we actually paid over hard-earned cash to each other (though a trade would have made more economic sense!). Not usually a devotee of poetry, my purchase sat on my bedside table for a bit. Needing a “read” for lunchtime at work, I brought The Gold Shop to the courthouse where it again waited its turn. I picked the book up earlier this week and found I couldn’t put it down.

Frederickson, a professor at Minnesota State-Moorhead, has spent considerable time in the Middle East, first in Yemen and then later, in Syria and Saudi Arabia. This slender volume depicts the turmoil, grit, atmosphere, and Islamic faith of Yemen in subtle, and, at times, direct ways. There is a mystical quality to Frederickson’s writing that is both touchingly sentimental and hardened by the reality of eternal war and conflict. Here’s a sample from “Revolution Day”:

On the roof of Bayat Abu-Talib, I’m eating grapes

and reading the explosions over Tahrir Square.

Liars, they proclaim, this is yours. But there is something

about their sounds, so distant, so muffled.


A few floors below, my friends light a candle

in the blackout, whisper the latest gossip

into the lapping light…

(2014 (c). Yahya Fredrickson)

This is just one example of the power and brilliance of Yahya’s minimalist approach to evoking a region of the world, a culture, and a  religion that few Westerners understand with any sort of depth or appreciation. I was so enthralled with the lyrical quality of these poems that I immediately went to the Bookstore at Fitger’s and purchased a translation of the Koran so I could begin to understand the point of religious view and culture expressed in these fine, fine vignettes.

4 and 1/2 stars out of 5.


Kurtti House.

Kurtti House.

It’s a long haul from Duluth to the Keweenaw Peninsula of Upper Michigan. My blue Pacifica is loaded with copies of Suomalaiset: People of the Marsh and Sukulaiaset: The Kindred. As always, I’m cautiously optimistic that I’ll sell every copy of my books I’m bringing with.  That, of course, has never happened. Still, as a semi-famous self-published author of historical novels about the Finns headed towards the heart of Finnishness in America, I’m eternally hopeful.

The Pacifica’s tires slap blacktop as I wind my way from Duluth to Ashland. It’s a cold wintery day, below zero. I stop to fill up the car at a Holiday statio and as I stand in the brisk air, listening to the gurgle of fuel entering the gas tank, I look around and smile.

I wrote about Ashland once, in Esther’s Race, as the place where Esther DuMont’s grandmother lived. Esther’s dad, Dr. DuMont, worked at the hospital here. Didn’t sell many copies of that book. Still, it’s a good place to set a yarn…

The snow pack increases near the Michigan line. My neck of the woods, north of Duluth on the banks of the Cloquet River, is a virtual winter desert: the ground is nearly devoid of snow. Entering the South Shore’s snow belt, I see trailers of snowmobiles being pulled by pickups and SUVs, their owners heading east in search of snow. I enter Michigan, turn north at Bruce Crossing, but see no wildlife; no deer or grouse or rabbits or any wild critter as the tires of the Pacifica hum.

“I’m watching you back into my neighbor’s driveway,” my host for the weekend, Jim Kurtti, says when I call him from my cell phone. “It’s the big red house next door.”

Jim, who is both the editor of the Finnish American Reporter and the director of the Finnish American Heritage Center housed at Finlandia University in Hancock, Michigan greets me at the front door. I haul my suitcase into the parlor of an immaculate Victorian, the hardwood floors gleaming beneath antique light fixtures aglow against the dusk.

“You guys have a lot more snow than we do,” I say, offering my hand to Jim.


He shows me to a lovely bedroom on the second floor, the space that’ll be my home for the next two nights.

This place could easily be a B&B.

Jim’s wife Debbie returns home from work with a pizza from a local eatery. Jim and I are already settled in, drinking sweet Italian wine, and talking writing, books, politics, Keweenaw history, and religion when Debbie arrives. A neighbor lady joins us as we scarf very good pizza at the kitchen table. Afterwards, Jim and I take sauna and the talk continues. It’s the second time we’ve saunaed together, having met in the sauna bath at Sampo Beach north of Duluth some years back when Jim was in town to profile a group of local Finns who were reading Suomalaist for their Finnish American book club.

Saturday. By the time I wake up, shower, shave, and dress, the Kurttis are gone, already at Heikinpaiva, the winter festival at Finlandia University that I am participating in. I’m scheduled to be at North Wind Books, the campus bookstore, from 10-4, with a break at 2 to give a talk at the Finnish American Institute. On my way into town, I grab breakfast at McDonald’s. I arrive at the bookstore on time. Alana, the store manager, greets me with a smile. “Did you bring more copies of Sukulaiset with you? These two are the only copies I have.”

“I did. I’ll bring some in.”

For the next four hours, I chat with Alana and the student/clerk working the store. I meet customers and sell books to strangers. I am pleasantly surprised when Dave and Peggy Radovich, formerly of Hermantown and friends, make good on their Facebook promise to visit me. “I thought you were Croatian,” I say to Dave as Peggy buys a copy of Suomalaiset. “A quarter. Three-quarters Finn.” Dave is originally from the UP and the retired educator has returned to his roots. Except the former principal was asked by Bessemer to fill a superintendency, which means he is, I guess, unretired.

To stretch my legs, I go outside and watch the Heikinpaiva parade working its way past the Heritage Center.

Finnish American Heritage Center, Hancock.

Finnish American Heritage Center, Hancock.

Two o’clock comes quickly. The crowd at the lecture is a bit thin. I’d hoped for a full house but that’s not what transpires. Still, as I read passages from my books, talk a bit about my writing process and the impetus behind a non-Finn’s fascination with Finnish history, and answer questions, I’m engaged with my slender audience. Alana sells some books, I sign some books, and then it’s back to the bookstore for another hour of sitting and selling. I meet a German immigrant woman who’s interested in my take on the relationship between Mannerheim and Hitler. She buys a copy of Sukulaiset. Alana has me bring in a few more copies of my books. I sign them for the store.

“I’ll just email you an invoice,” I say as I head out the door, our business conducted casually, as if by handshake. “Thanks for having me.”

Monument to a giant.

Monument to a giant.

I stop outside the bookstore to admire an obelisk erected in memory of a local legend, a giant Finn who once lived in the Keweenaw. With time to kill (Jim and Deb are tied up with festival duties and I don’t know anyone else in town)

I decide to visit Calumet, a few miles north of Hancock. One of my former law clerks, Heidi Murtonen, is from Calumet. That fact and the rumors I’ve heard about a gorgeous old theater, still active and in use, located in the little town

prompt me to put the Pacifica in gear and climb the hill behind Finlandia. I end up in Calumet where I drive up and down the snowy, quaint downtown marveling at what the town must have been like in its heyday.

Fire hall, Calumet.

Fire hall, Calumet

I take the long way back to the Kurttis’ and find myself only a block from their palatial home and smack dab in the ruins of an old copper mine. I stop the car and stand in the omnipresent lake effect snow that is waltzing down from the leaden sky to

snap photos of a life long passed.


I mull over getting something to eat. On a whim, I decide to attend the Heikinpaiva dance scheduled for the

Heritage Center that evening. I drive back into Hancock, snow drifting over the lighted valley as I cross the lift bridge between Houghton and Hancock, park the Pacifica, and eye a well-lighted eatery across the street.

Italian sounds good.

I climb the steps to the social hall of the Finnish American Heritage Center, a deconsecrated Catholic church renovated to a new purpose, and find out that the dance includes a meal and libations, all for the very reasonable fee of ten bucks.

I buy a ticket, hang up my coat, and enter the hall. I find Jim and Debbie and soon I’m immersed in the sounds of Finnish folk music and watching adults and children dance across the luminously polished hardwood floor.

I snap a few pictures of the dancers and post them on line. My wife texts me and asks me where I am. I tell her I’m at a dance at the Heritage Center.

“Just don’t be dancing with any Finnish girls,” she writes. “There’s a French girl waiting for you at home!”

I promise to behave. I eat heartily of the Finnish foods and desserts that cover the buffet table. I sip a local beer and meet new friends. Tired after a day of selling and talking and observing, I say my goodnights and drive back to the Kurttis’ home.

Sunday morning, I take a hot shower and pack. The Kurttis are already at church. I write a short note of thanks, load my car, and head on back down the road, happy to have spent a few days immersed in another place, another culture.



The dance.

The dance.


Theater, Calumet.

Theater, Calumet.


Atlas Shrugged: Part III 2014. 20th Century Fox Blu-ray)

“Who is John Galt?” For those of you who have never attempted the not-so-modest-feat of reading conservative icon Ayn Rand’s mammoth philosophical novel, Atlas Shrugged, or read it decades back in college as some sort of political science requirement towards course completion, you know the answer to that question. But for the general public, whose only knowledge of Ayn Rand’s personal philosophy, “Objectivism” (in essence the idea that men and women should be entirely free of governmental interference in their commercial and daily pursuits so as each to reach his or her maximum personal potential) is the distilled and diluted version of the brand served up by Fox News and right wing advocates such as Paul Ryan, it’s doubtful if viewers lacking the backdrop of the novel will understand who the hell John Galt is.

Here’s my take on this film (as an entirety and Part III in particular): Ayn Rand deserves better. The final installment of this sacred tome of the Right is the worst of the lot in terms of editing, story, message, and pace. It is essentially a series of excerpted speeches, with little to no action, from the last third of the novel, making for dull cinema and duller philosophy. It’s also confusing that we are now on actor and actress number three for the two seminal roles of the film, John Galt (here, Chris Polaha) and Dagny Taggart (Laura Regan), the previous two incarnations of those characters no longer viable either due to monetary constraints or artistic differences, which makes trying to watch all three portions of this story in one sitting schizophrenic at best. That having been said, both Polaha and Regan are fine in their parts. Not exceptional but fine. There are a few recognizable faces, including character actor Joaquim de Almeida (portraying copper magnet Francisco d’Anconia) but most of the actors and actresses filling the various key roles in Rand’s story are unrecognizable by viewers; a collection of third and fourth tier performers who are, by and large, utterly forgettable in their roles. But back to my main premise. The book is held by many on the Right to be a Bible (though of course Rand was an atheist who despised religion of all stripes making Atlas a curious reference for the Evangelical Christians now commanding the GOP) of human political, sociological, and philosophical aspirations: the triumph of individual talent and will over the collective power of society. There’s little question that the backers of this effort sought to have an influence on the past three national elections by the timing of the releases of Parts I, II, and III. Though Part I came out too late to influence the 2010 campaign season; Part II was released in 2012 in advance of the Presidential election. Part III was issued in limited release in 2014, just ahead of the congressional elections that returned the GOP to power. With such high minded influence as its goal, one would have thought that the backers of this mess of a franchise would have sought top-notch talent in the acting, directing, and scriptwriting departments so as to ensure gracing Rand’s time-honored prose with the movie she so clearly deserves. But the Koch Brothers apparently weren’t on board and their wallets did not fund this effort. Too bad. Love Rand’s message or hate it, she deserved a movie equal in power to her words.

2 stars out of 5. If you want to watch a movie that replicates the intricacies of Rand’s ideas and also entertains, pick up a DVD copy of The Fountainhead strarring Gary Cooper. You can read my review of that film, along with Atlas Shrugged Parts I and II, in the archives section of this blog under the “Reviews” tab on the website dashboard above.



It’s 4:58 am on Friday morning. I’m sitting in my writing studio, a three-season porch that, given it’s -17ºF outside, requires me to wear wool socks and a thick bathrobe as I type this piece. The porch I‘m working in wasn’t designed for writing in the dead of winter. But here I am, just like I am virtually every morning, trying to craft truth from memories, thoughts, inklings, and visions that dance inside my sixty year old head. It’s a curious thing, this compulsion, this obsession to write. Folks I meet at libraries, or bookstores, or at writers’ conferences often ask “why”, “Why, Judge Munger, do you write?” That’s a good question. I’ll try to answer it.

I was born an incurable romantic. As a small child, I loved creating imaginary scenes of drama and daring-ado. I once built a blanket fort in Grandma Munger’s parlor. Inside my makeshift tent, I was a wounded soldier of the Great War being cared for by a beautiful nurse. So the first building block of my writerly obsession is simply this: I have a vivid imagination.

As a child, my mother read to me every night. Experts say that, to be a writer, you must be a reader. My mother’s love of books was gifted to me. I became a voracious reader, and, in due course, a writer. By first grade, I was hard at it. Somewhere in one of my scrapbooks my first attempt at writing, “The Piretas and the Two Man” (sic), an illustrated thriller involving cannibals and ships and pirates, is preserved. My spelling hasn’t improved. I keep an unabridged dictionary close at hand whenever I write. Spellcheck is a poor substitute for Webster’s when you are as phonetically challenged as I am.

At age ten, I discovered my Grandma Marie’s notebooks. Her journals were filled with her handwritten verse. I took to crafting poetry by scrawling couplets on the empty pages of those journals. The fact that my long-dead grandmother preserved her emotions by writing poetry, and was able to live on through her words after she died, made an impression on me.

Teachers encouraged me. Miss Infelise, my 8th grade English teacher, challenged me to “write over summer vacation”. I did more than merely write a sentence or two. I still have the picture book, “Emery Whipple Goes to Sea”, that was my response to a teacher’s challenge. I recently read that story to my great nephew Ryan. He liked “Emery” but, like many adult fans, thought the book a bit long.

High school found me working as an editor on the Denfeld Criterion under the watchful eye of Miss Goldie Cohen. Miss Cohen taught me to be succinct. Despite an occasional dustup with Miss Cohen over an article that was too racy or too personal or too heaped in controversy for a high school newspaper, Goldie encouraged me to keep at it, to write what I thought was true.

Most of you know that my vocation in life has been as lawyer and judge. There was a period of time where, because of school and starting a family and beginning my career, I didn’t write. But my wife René knew that, deep down, I’d always wanted to try my hand at fiction. When I faced a lengthy leave from work due to back surgery, René suggested that I begin working on a novel. René’s encouragement caused the writer in me to reemerge. My insatiable need to tell a story, a story, as Hemingway once said, that is true, burst to the surface when I began writing the The Legacy, a historical novel and thriller that received positive reviews and became a regional bestseller. Over the decades since my wife’s fortuitous suggestion, my desire to tell stories has urged my fingers to the keyboard of nearly every morning of nearly every intervening day.

Nine books later, I know this: as a writer, I simply must write. I cannot not write. I am, at my core, a teller of stories and those stories, regardless of fame, or readership, or monetary reward, must be shared.

An edited version of this essay first appeared in the Duluth News Tribune.


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